In the summer of 1932 Nicholson and his future wife Barbara Hepworth visited Georges Braque in Dieppe. It depicts Hepworth’s reflection in the window of a restaurant. The rough surface of the painting is in contrast to the appearance of the smooth glass plane, which is emphasized by the text on the window. This physical depth and texture signals it as a precursor to the artist’s first relief, made the following year.
1932 (Auberge de la Sole Dieppoise), 1932
Original: Oil, graphite and plaster on plywood 93.7 x 75.9 cm © Angela Verren Taunt 2015. All rights reserved, DACS
One of the leading figures in British twentieth century modernism, Ben Nicholson was a pioneer of abstract art and a key figure of the St Ives School. Born in 1894, he married Winifred Nicholson in 1920 and travelled widely throughout Europe. His work was influenced by pivotal movements in European art such as post-impressionism, cubism and constructivism, though he forged his own distinctly personal response to these genres. By the 1930s his work was almost entirely abstract, and in 1933 he created his first abstract reliefs – three dimensional painted compositions, possibly influenced by his second marriage to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth.