Turner's river landscape painting of Norham Castle in Northumberland at sunrise. The lighting on the lake exposing a farm house and cattle on the hills. Norham borders Scotland on the river Tweed in Northumberland.
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Norham Castle, Sunrise: Colour Study
56 x 76.5 cm
Pencil and watercolour on paper
Date of work
Original: Pencil and watercolour on paper 56 x 76.5 cm. ® Tate, London
Joseph Mallord William Turner was born in London; he remained a Londoner and kept a Cockney accent all his life despite dominating British landscape painting throughout the first half of the 19th century. He established a reputation in the Royal Academy, first as a topographical watercolourist and then within a few years as a painter of sublime and historical landscapes. From the mid-1790s he settled on the routine he maintained for much of his life: touring in summer and working in the studio in the winter months. He opened his own gallery and had many patrons and admirers as well as detractors. After his death a large body of his works in oil and watercolour was given to the British nation, with many on show at Tate Britain.