English painter Joseph Wright of Derby was the third son of a Derby attorney. He trained as a portrait painter in the London studio of Thomas Hudson from 1751 to 1753. He painted portraits, landscapes and subjects from literature, but his most celebrated works are a few which reflect the philosophical and technological preoccupations of the later 18th century and are characterized by striking effects of artificial light. He exhibited in London at both the Society of Artists (1765–76, 1791) and the Royal Academy (1778–82, 1789–90, 1794).
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