This is one of six portraits of Vallier, Cezanne's gardener in Aix and is an example of Cezanne's unique painting method. He captures both the shade of colour and its luminosity of each element with distinct overlapping brushstrokes. This method is a major influence in the evolvement of Cubism. This portrait is one of Cezanne’s last works as it was probably painted in the middle of 1906, not long before his death in October.
The Gardener Vallier
Date of work
Oil paint on canvas 65.4 x 54.9 cm
Paul Cezanne (1839 – 1906) was a French artist who played a pivotal role in the development of modern art. As a Post-Impressionist painter, he developed his own characteristic style, with exploratory brushstrokes and close study of his subjects, painting still lifes, landscapes and portraits. Though he did not achieve much recognition until his later years, his practice had a lasting effect on modern painting, with both Matisse and Picasso among the many artists that cite him as an influence. In 1924, Tate became the first public museum in the United Kingdom to acquire Cezanne’s paintings, and they remain an important part of the collection.